jueves, 17 de enero de 2008

SOMEWHERE IN THE NIGHT

1946
Dir.: Joseph L. Mankiewicz
USA


Ah, Mankiewicz, cuánto daño has hecho. Sobre todo a la cinefilia española, que adoran su "Eva al desnudo" como tótem mítico poseedor de todas, todas las virtudes, ejemplo a seguir y modelo a semejanza del cual valorar. El hombre era un gran guionista, pero como director era a menudo simplemente funcional: ritmo empantanado en el ritmo, estatismo propio de la escena y las tablas y no de la imagen en movimiento grabada, curiosas estructuras narrativas lastradas por abuso del flashback... O sea, un tipo que se limitaba a hacer plano tras plano, demasiado deudor del teatro, casi olvidando el sentido visual único del cine. Y eso ha dejado huella en este país academicista y culturalmente conformista y nostálgico: pocos directores autóctonos le dan importancia a la imagen, al estilo, se limitan a rodar. Son mayoría los críticos y espectadores que consideran imprescindible un buen guión, diálogos y personajes, características necesarias, superiores a cualquier otra, para considerar digna a una peli, obligando a que las pelis transiten en mundos de literatura la mayoría de las veces de baratija, y no en los universos de imagen que son parte central, atributo definitorio del cine. Los mejores momentos de Mankiewicz son, precisamente, cuando aprovecha y entiende el medio y se distancia de la descarada teatralidad de casi toda su obra: el épico discurso de Marlon Brando en "Julio César", el final de "De repente, el último verano", o la exploración y explotación del espacio con la cámara de "La huella".


"Somewhere in the night" es una de sus pelis más cinematográficas, algo que suena a tautología pero que, por desgracia, no lo es. Un hombre despierta en un hospital militar, y vemos a través de sus vendas, experimentando su desconcierto. Poco a poco se descubre: es amnésico. No sabe quién es, qué hace ahí, qué va a hacer ahora. Cuando se recupera se pone en movimiento, va tirando del hilo y... El resultado es una serie B que engancha, precursora directa del estilo negro autoconsciente y comiquero (de novelita) de "El beso mortal", con todas las constantes del film noir a medida no de la película, sino del espectador y la maximización del entretenimiento y el misterio. Personajes excéntricos que se cruzan por en medio, cosas que son lo contrario de lo que aparentan, sordideces disimuladas, trapos sucios a mansalva, ambigüedades morales (en este caso, más ambiguas todavía por el hecho de que el prota no sabe nada de nada). Un gustito, vamos.

4 comentarios:

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Anónimo dijo...

Existen muchos directores españoles cuya prioridad es el plano. Igual deberías ver más cine actual: Isaki Lacuesta, Rafa Cortés, Mar Coll o David Planell por ejemplo.

El uso final del flashback en "De repente..." es una forma de matar el cine. Toda la atmósfera creada por Mankiewicz se va al traste.

Un saludo.

Anónimo dijo...

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